The Use of Digital Peer Assessment in Higher Education: An Umbrella Review of Literature

Article written by G. van Helden, V. van der Werf, G. Saunders-Smits, M.M. Specht and published in the Journal IEEE Access.


Increasing student numbers in higher education, particularly in engineering and computer science, make it difficult for motivated lecturers to continue engaging in active teaching methods such as Flipped Classrooms and Work-Based Learning. In these settings, digital Peer Assessment can be one approach to provide effective and scalable feedback. In Peer Assessment, students assess each other’s performance whilst gaining useful reflection and judgment skills at the same time. This umbrella review of 14 review papers on the use of (digital) Peer Assessment in education provides a comprehensive overview of design choices and their consequences open to educational practitioners wishing to implement digital Peer Assessment in their courses, the type of tooling available and the possible effects of these choices on the learning outcomes as well as potential pitfalls and challenges when implementing Peer Assessment. The paper will inform and assist educators in finding or developing a tool that fits their needs.


Digital education, educational technology, engineering education, peer assessment


van Helden, G., van der Werf, V., Saunders-Smits, G., & Specht, M. M. (2023). THE USE OF DIGITAL PEER ASSESSMENT IN HIGHER EDUCATION: AN UMBRELLA REVIEW OF LITERATURE. IEEE Access, 11, 22948-22960.


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of IEEE Access must be obtained for commercial re-use or in order to create a derivative work.

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